Renungan : Tiga Penyakit Hati dalam Kitab Bidayatul Hidayah

Tiga Penyakit Hati Dalam Kitab Bidayatul Hidayah – Abu Hamid Muhammad bin Muhammad al Ghazali ath-Thusi asy-Syafi’i
Oleh : Mulyono (Staf Pengajar di MTs YPMI Wanayasa)

mtsypmi.com – Islam mengajarkan kepada umat manusia untuk selalu menghindarkan diri dari sifat-sifat tercela, dari segala penyakit hati, agar selamat dunia dan akhirat.

Bahkan para ulamapun mengajarkan demikian, seperti yang disebutkan Dalam kitab Bidayah Al Hidayah karangan Syaikh Imam Ghazali menyebut tiga hal yang dapat membinasakan manusia karena penyakit hati.

Al Ghazali menyebutkan tiga sifat itu ghalib (lazim) ada pada diri manusia, bahkan dari kalangan para ulama dimasa sekarang (zaman Imam Al Ghazali semasa hidup).

Tiga penyakit hati itu antara lain hasad (dengki), riya (pamer dan berbuat baik karena ingin dipuji orang lain), dan ujub (angkuh, sombong dan berbangga diri).

Imam Al Ghazali menyampaikan, umat muslim harus bersungguh-sungguh menghindari dan membersihkan hati dari sifat hasad, riya, dan ujub. Apabila tiga sifat tersebut bisa dihindari maka akan bisa mengetahui cara untuk menjauhkan diri dari sifat tercela lainnya.

Namun sebaliknya, apabila tidak bisa menyucikan hati dari sifat hasad, riya dan ujub. Maka tidak akan mampu menghadapi sifat tercela lainnya yang muncul dalam hati.

Imam Al Ghazali mengingatkan, jangan beranggapan setelah memiliki niat yang baik dalam menuntut ilmu, berarti telah selamat dari sesuatu yang berbahaya. Sementara di dalam hati masih ada sifat hasad, riya dan ujub. Rasulullah Nabi Muhammad SAW bersabda:

ثلاثٌ مُهلِكاتٌ : شُحٌّ مُطاعٌ ، و هوًى مُتَّبَعٌ ، و إعجابُ المرءِ بنفسِه

“Ada tiga sifat yang dapat membinasakan manusia, sikap bakhil yang dipatuhi, hawa nafsu yang diikuti, dan merasa bangga dengan diri sendiri.”

Syaikh Imam Al Ghazali menjelaskan bahwa sifat hasad merupakan cabang dari penyakit hati bakhil. Karena orang bakhil adalah orang yang tidak mau memberi sesuatu yang ada di tangannya kepada orang lain. Wallahu a’lam bishawab…

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9,279 thoughts on “Renungan : Tiga Penyakit Hati dalam Kitab Bidayatul Hidayah

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